How information Technology helps in education and development?

How information technology helps in education and development?

Overview :

ICT allows students to monitor and manage their own learning, think critically and creatively, solve simulated real-world problems, work collaboratively, engage in ethical decision-making,
and adopt a global perspective towards issues and ideas. It also provides students from remote areas access to expert teachers and learning resources, and gives administrators and policy
makers the data and expertise they need to work more efficiently. If a person has knowledge to use ICT in education they can offer specific courses any where in the world via internet.

What is ICT:

ICT stands for “information communications technology”. ICT is the forms of technology that are used to transmit, store, create, share or exchange information and data .

Introduction of ICT:

“ICT” is an abbreviation term of Information and Communication Technology. ICT can be defined any system product, and machine which can receive store or transmit the data or information
through electronically and digital form ICT is used for storing communicating and transmitting information .

It is the combination of telecommunication technology and computer technology. These technologies include computers, Internet satellite system radio television and cellular phones.

How technology can help in educational institutions to improve learning?

Technology is a powerful tool to improve learning in educational instruction technology is helpful to improve teaching and learning process Technologies are used in education to assist students to learn more effectively by providing teachers with access to a wide range of new pedagogy.

Technology helps make teaching and learning more meaningful and fun. It is clear in this Era of Technology and progress that Education plays vital role in progress and development of a country and nation. Technology helps make teaching and learning more meaningful and fun.

Video-based learning;

Video-based learning makes education engaging, entertaining and exploring. It develops interest in children. Children can better learn with new innovative techniques

E-books

The concept of getting knowledge using e-books is becoming very popular nowadays. Students can access any book by any author from around the world instead of searching for books in libraries.
Online courses:

Many universities are offering facilities for online courses and diplomas e.g Pakistan Institute of management, Virtual University of Pakistan etc.

Game learning apps:

Many applications based on games are introduced for toddlers with the help of which they can start learning. These apps include unscrambling games, word games, puzzles etc.

WI-FI availability:
Some of the private institutes are providing Wi-Fi facilities in all of their departments which help students to gather information from the internet in order to do their assignments and group study.

Multitude of resources:

Computers, tablets, and other forms of technology help in teaching learning process every kid learns differently, and technology helps with this gap as well.
1. Technology improve learning
2. Develop interest in students.
3. Improved Communication.
4. Advanced Research.
5. Effective Assessments.
6. Fun Learning.
7. Online Groups Collaboration.
8. Open Education.
9. E-book
10. Video-based learning.

What is state policy about the ICT in education Pakistan For?

The era of information technology and globalization has turned the whole scenario of almost every walk of life. Pakistan is one of the populous countries. The need for innovative approaches and use of e-system in Pakistan education system Pakistan like other developing countries in the region has witnessed significant growth in the ICT sector. ICT is seen as a key potential driver of socioeconomic development, wealth generation and redistribution, and creation of new job Education is the only source of human capital formation and producing responsible citizens in the country. The progress of a country or a nation depends on the quality
education.
Primary education:
Free and compulsory Primary Education is the fundamental right of all the boys and girls, irrespective of gender (including neutral sex), religion, sect, creed or any other denomination in Pakistan under article 25(A) of the Constitution which states “The state shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of 5 to 16 years.
● ICT is very essential to improve the educational efficiency of students.
● Availability of ICT in Education is supportive for the students to improve their learning
skills as well as latest technologies of ICT are helpful for the students to better prepare
their assignments and projects.
● It can helpful to produce the productive knowledge of students related to their studies.
● It brings a positive impact on Education sector of Pakistan.

Issues and Challenges:

Pakistan faces following challenges:

  1. Lack of awareness among planners, decision makers, and parents about the need and significance of ECE for the children, education system and society.
  2. Lack basic facilities for ECE in the government schools.
  3. Non-availability of trained and qualified teachers for ECE.
    No mechanism exists for coordination amongst organizations, institutions and department working for promotion of ECCE.
  4. Non-availability of adequate teaching Teachers are not well trained
  5. Lack of learning and instructional materials
  6. Teachers are rarely trained and poorly paid even in the best of private schools,
  7. Most schools in Pakistan do not have a teaching philosophy that meets current international
    standards.

Secondary education:

Secondary Education (VI-XII)is one of the most important stages of education system and consists of three phases: Middle (V-VIII), High (IX-X) and Higher Secondary (XI-XII). Pakistan is at a reasonable level of primary education and improved level of literacy and attention is required to match with required practical steps to improve demand and supply issues of secondary education.
Secondary education has great significance, as it is bridges the basic primary education and higher education.

Higher education:

According to the International Standards Classification of Education ISCE-2011 higher education includes short-cycle tertiary education, Bachelors, Masters, and doctoral or equivalent levels. Higher education institutions produce leadership for all sectors of the economy and various spheres of socio-political life. In Pakistan, higher education starts after intermediate or higher secondary level.

Conclusion:

The world is changing day by day due to the of information and communication technologies including the internet, television, radio, mobile, tabs and smartphones came into being. Education, as a matter of fact, has been experiencing many cultural, social, economic and technical problems since the beginning of this century.

ICT provides access to a variety of learning resources that enhance the teaching skills and learning ability. Information technology greatly facilitates collaborative learning due to the availability of online library and distance learning. It is one of the best choices for enabling children with disabilities to have access to information and education.

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